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Human anatomy


Human anatomy or anthropotomy is a special field within anatomy . It studies organs and organ systems of the human body, leaving the study of tissues to histology and cells to cytology . The human body, like the bodies of all animals, is made upof systems, that are made up of organs , that are made up of tissues , that are made up of cells .

See History of anatomy for a history of anatomy, includinghuman anatomy.


Major systems of the human body

External Features

Common names of well known parts of the human body, from top to bottom :

Head -- Forehead -- Eye -- Ear -- Nose -- Mouth -- Tongue -- Teeth -- Mandible -- Face -- Cheek -- Chin
Neck -- Throat -- Adam's apple -- Shoulders
Arm -- Elbow -- Wrist -- Hand -- Fingers -- Thumb
Spine -- Chest -- Breast -- Ribcage
Abdomen -- Sex organs ( Penis / Scrotum or Vagina ) -- Rectum -- Anus
Hip -- Buttocks -- Leg -- Thigh -- Calf -- Knee -- Heel -- Ankle -- Foot -- Toes

Internal organs

Common names of internal organs (in alphabetical order) :

Adrenal glands -- Appendix -- Bladder -- Brain -- Duodenum -- Gall bladder -- Heart -- Intestines -- Kidney -- Liver -- Lungs -- Ovaries -- Pancreas -- Parathyroid gland-- Pituitary gland -- Prostate gland -- Spleen -- Stomach -- Thymus gland -- Thyroid gland -- Testicles -- Womb

Brain anatomy terms

Amygdala -- Brainstem -- Cerebellum -- Cerebralcortex -- Hypothalamus -- Limbic system -- medulla -- midbrain -- Pituitary gland -- pons
See also: Human brain , List of regions in the human brain

See also

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