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Rheumatology, a subspecialty of internalmedicine , is devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases . Rheumatologists mainly deal with problems involving the muscles and/or joints .



Diseases diagnosed or managed by the rheumatologist include:


Apart from an extensive medical history and physicalexamination , a rheumatologist may apply the following diagnostic methods:


Most rheumatic diseases are treated with analgesics , NSAIDs (anti-inflammatory drugs), steroids (in serious cases), DMARDs ("steroid-sparing" agents) and monoclonal antibodies , such as the recently introduced infliximab and etanercept .

Physiotherapy is vital in the treatment of many rheumatologicaldisorders. Occupational therapy can help patients findingalternative ways for common movements which would otherwise be restricted by their disease.

Scientific research

A large body of recent scientific research treats the background of autoimmune disease , the cause of many rheumatic disorders. Epidemiological studies and medication trialsare also conducted.

Health science - Medicine

Anesthesiology - Dermatology - Emergency Medicine - General practice - Intensive care medicine - Internal medicine - Neurology - Obstetrics  &  Gynecology - Pediatrics - Public Health  &  Occupational Medicine - Psychiatry - Radiology - Surgery

Branches of Internal medicine

Cardiology - Endocrinology - Gastroenterology - Hematology - Infectious diseases - Nephrology - Oncology - Pulmonology -Rheumatology

Branches of Surgery

General surgery - Cardiothoracic surgery - Neurosurgery - Ophthalmology - Orthopedic surgery - Otolaryngology  (ENT) - Plastic surgery - Podiatric surgery - Urology - Vascular surgery

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