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Secondary education


Secondary education, or secondary school, is a period of education which follows directly after primaryeducation (such as intermediate school or elementary school ),and which may be followed by tertiary or "post-secondary"education. The purpose of a secondary education can be to prepare for either higher education or vocationaltraining . The exact boundary between primary and secondary education varies from country to country and even within them, butis generally around the seventh to the tenth year of education, with middleschool covering any gaps. Secondary education occurs mainly during the teenage years. Primary and secondary educationtogether are sometimes (in particular, in Canada and the United States ) referred to as "K-12" education, (K is for kindergarten , 12 is for twelfth grade).

Secondary education in various nations

Secondary education is referred to by different names in different countries, see education by country .

  • Australia : high school,secondary college, college
  • Austria , Germany , Slovenia , Denmark , Sweden : gymnasium
  • Brazil :Colégio, Colegial, Segundo Grau
  • Chile :Enseñanza Media.
  • China , Taiwan : zhongxue (中学; literally, middle school), consisting of chu zhong(初中; literally junior middle) from grades 7 to 9 and gao zhong (高中;literally high middle) from grades 10 to 12
  • Canada : high school, secondaryschool, école secondaire, lycée
  • France : lycée
  • Hong Kong : Chung Hok(中學, Cantonese :ʤəʊŋ1 hɔk6, SecondarySchool
  • Iceland : Menntaskóli.
  • Indonesia : Sekolah Menengah Atas(SMA), Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP).
  • Ireland : secondary school.
  • Japan :chūgakkō (中学校; Lower Secondary School), kōtōgakkō(高等学校;Upper Secondary School), chūtōkyōikugakkō(中等教育学校; Secondary School)
  • Netherlands : middelbareschool or voortgezet onderwijs
  • New Zealand , United Kingdom , Singapore : secondary school or (where a middleschool system is operated) high school
  • Spain :Educación secundaria, ESO (Educación Secundaria Obligatoria)
  • Turkey :Lise
  • United States :high school

See also

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