Cosmogony is the branch of astrophysics that studiesthe origins and structure of the Universe at large (as opposed to the study of theorigins of particular celestial objects). Correspondingly, a cosmogony is an account of how the Universe came to be; hence, the creation story in the book of Genesis is one such cosmogony, and there are many others, both scientific and mythological .
Cosmogony studies the origins of the universe itself, on both a microscopic (quantum cosmological) and macroscopic(relativistic) scale, at the beginning of time (usually denoted t=0). This is contrasted with cosmology , which studies the Universe at large, throughout its existence. Cosmogony addresses development of theUniverse only peripherally through the Planck era (t=10-43 s), and sticks to the Beginning itself. Hence, theories of cosmogony, whetherscientific or not, often question the conclusions of philosophy and theisticbelief systems, giving rise to three classical paradoxes of "causation," "conservation," and "time regression" describedbelow.
Modern science has begun to clarify the nature of theseparadoxes but has not yet resolved them. For example, one can apply the current understanding of grand unified theories (GUTs) -- both quasi-classical (such asgeneral relativity) and modern (such as quantum, superstring, and M- theories) - in thought experiments to these threeprimary cosmogonic paradoxes. While the resultant inconsistencies may obfuscate mankindâ€™s ability to classically reason outthe conditions found at t=0 without theistic intervention, these paradoxes can nonetheless be analyzed rationally using thesubatomic applications of quantum cosmology , particularly through the employment of the Schrödinger wave equations.
Current GUTs (Grand Unified Theories), in the light of their application are beginning to resolve inconsistencies in somecases. The Paradoxes themselves (aesthetically best defined by the likes of Kierkegaard, Wilde, and Leibniz) which befuddleclassical cosmogonies are
In each case, where general relativity fails as thecurvature of space-time invokes singularities from its equations at t=0, the statistically "grey" nature of quantum cosmologytends to allow a scientific rationale to account for each paradox, and in so doing allows for a scientific perspective onpreviously theistic turf - in many ways planting seeds for harmonizing a holistic system of science and belief. Thisreconciliation can go a step further and apply quantum "fuzziness" to describe quantum application to cosmology (per theWheeler-DeWitt application of subatomic position and momentum equations to universal radius and expansion), and thereafter avoidincalculable issues such as boundary issues, as surmounted with the Hawking-Hartle Wave Function. We will also see thecompatibility with superstrings and M-/Brane Theories owing to their quantum-like effects. We will find that the most challengingparadox to atone for will be logical regression, and whether the current "design" of the universe is a matter of phasetransitions, chance (statistics), or another underlying, unknown system of logic. Even superstrings and M-Brane Theories are not"special" in that we may still ask the question, "but why was that particular geometry chosen?"
Irrespective of the ability to achieve an understanding of t=0, scientific advance will move onward to seek understanding ofincreasingly higher states, and in so doing approach the theistic territory of belief systems.
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