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Higher education


Higher education is education provided by universities and other institutions that award academic degrees , such as universitycolleges , and liberal arts colleges .

Higher education includes both the teaching and the research activities of universities, and within the realm of teaching, itincludes both the undergraduate level (sometimes referred to as tertiary education ) and the graduate (or postgraduate) level (sometimes referred to as quaternary education or graduate school ). Higher education differs from other forms of post-secondary education such as vocational education . However, most professional education is included within higher education, and many postgraduate qualifications are strongly vocationally or professionally oriented,for example in disciplines such as law and medicine .

In most developed countries a high proportion of the population (up to 50%) now enter higher education at some time in theirlives. Higher education is therefore very important to national economies , bothas a significant industry in its own right, and as a source of trained and educated personnel for the rest of the economy; it isoften argued that in a modern economy the quantity and quality of such humancapital is the most important factor underlying economicgrowth .

Further reading

  • El-Khawas, E. (1996). Campus trends. Washington, DC.: American Council on Education.
  • Ewell, P.T. (1999). Assessment of higher education and quality: Promise and politics. In S.J. Messick (Ed.), Assessmentin higher education: Issues of access, quality, student development, and public policy. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
  • Finn, C. E. (1988, Jul.-Aug.). Judgment time for higher education: In the court of public opinion. Change, 20(4),34-39.
  • Green, Madeleine, F., ed. 1988. Leaders for a New Era: Strategies for Higher Education. New York: Macmillan.

External links

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