In Indian literature, oral and written forms prevail. Hindu literarytraditions dominate a large part of Indian culture. Apart from the Vedas which are asacred form of knowledge, there are other works such as the Hindu epics of Ramayana and Mahabharatha , treatises such as Vaastu Shastra in architecture and townplanning and Artha Shastra in political science.
Devotional Hindu drama, poetry and songs span the subcontinent. Among the best known are the works of Kalidas (writer of the famed Sanskrit play Shakuntala) and Tulsidas (who wrote an epic Hindi poem based onthe Ramayana). Tamil poetry of the Sangam poetry is well renowned.
Among other traditions Urdu poetry is a fine example of linguistic and culturalsynthesis. Arab and Persian vocabulary based onthe Hindi language resulted in a vast and extremely beloved class of ghazal literature, usually written by Muslims in contextsranging from romance and society to philosophy and devotion to Allah. Urdu soon became the court language of the Mughals and inits higher forms was once called the ' Kohinoor ' of Indian languages.
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