History is often used as a generic term for information about the past ,such as in "geologic history of the Earth." When used as the name of a field of study, history refers to the study andinterpretation of the record of human societies. The term history comes from the Greek historia, "an account ofone's inquiries," and shares that etymology with the English wordstory.
Historians use many types of sources, including written or printed records, interviews ( oral history ), and archaeology . Different approaches maybe more common in some periods than others, and the study of history has its fads and fashions (see historiography ). The events that occurred prior to human records are known as prehistory .
See also: History of the world
A very large amount of historical information is available in Wikipedia , andseveral different ways of classifying it are given below.
(Not necessarily part of academic history studies)
Although a certain amount of bias in history studies is inescapable, national bias beingprobably the most important, history can also be studied from a narrow ideological perspective, perhaps one that the practitioners feel is usually ignored. For example:
A form of historical speculation known commonly as virtual history (also called "counterfactual history") been adopted by some historians as a means of assessing and exploring the possibleoutcomes if certain events had not occurred or had occurred in a different way to that which they did. This is somewhat similarto the alternative history genre in fiction.
You may also want to see dubious historicalresources and historical myths for a list of false beliefs andhistories that were once or are now popular and widespread, but which are proven to be false or dubious.
Guidelines for history on Wikipedia can be found at Wikipedia:History .
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