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History

(history)





History is often used as a generic term for information about the past ,such as in "geologic history of the Earth." When used as the name of a field of study, history refers to the study andinterpretation of the record of human societies. The term history comes from the Greek historia, "an account ofone's inquiries," and shares that etymology with the English wordstory.

Historians use many types of sources, including written or printed records, interviews ( oral history ), and archaeology . Different approaches maybe more common in some periods than others, and the study of history has its fads and fashions (see historiography ). The events that occurred prior to human records are known as prehistory .

Knowledge of history is often said to encompass both knowledge of past eventsand historical thinking skills.

See also: History of the world

Contents

Classifications

A very large amount of historical information is available in Wikipedia , andseveral different ways of classifying it are given below.

History classified by location

History classified by date:

Academic classification

Miscellaneous classifications

(Not necessarily part of academic history studies)


Ideological classifications

Although a certain amount of bias in history studies is inescapable, national bias beingprobably the most important, history can also be studied from a narrow ideological perspective, perhaps one that the practitioners feel is usually ignored. For example:

  • Marxist history ;
  • Feminist history (also called herstory);

A form of historical speculation known commonly as virtual history (also called "counterfactual history") been adopted by some historians as a means of assessing and exploring the possibleoutcomes if certain events had not occurred or had occurred in a different way to that which they did. This is somewhat similarto the alternative history genre in fiction.

You may also want to see dubious historicalresources and historical myths for a list of false beliefs andhistories that were once or are now popular and widespread, but which are proven to be false or dubious.

Guidelines for history on Wikipedia can be found at Wikipedia:History .

See also

External links




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This article is completely or partly from Wikipedia - The Free Online Encyclopedia. Original Article. The text on this site is made available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence. We take no responsibility for the content, accuracy and use of this article.

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