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In the common law , a tort is a civil wrong for which the law provides a remedy. The term comes from LawFrench and means, literally, 'a wrong'.

The "law of torts" is a body of civil law or private law that covers the various legal ( money damages ) and equitable remedies which the law provides forcivil wrongs arising from extra-contractual liability, i.e., other than those wrongs which arise from a breach of contractual obligations .

  • Australian Tort Law
  • Canadian TortLaw
  • Indian Tort Law
  • UnitedKingdom Tort Law
  • United States Tort law

There is some overlap between tort law and criminal law - some acts may at once constitute both a tort and a crime - and manycrimes may be viewed as particularly egregious torts. A cause ofaction in tort can also be distinguished from a criminal prosecution which may arise from the alleged violation of a criminal statute . The former is typically prosecuted by a private citizen, whereas the latter isprosecuted by the state , and one or both may be brought forth independently. Moreover,remedies for torts can take the form of compensation for damages or injunctive relief . A criminal prosecution usually results in the imposition of asentence, such as a fine and/or incarceration .

See also

Abuse of process , Defamation , Good faith , Legal immunity , Loss of consortium , Interference with contractual relations , Malicious prosecution , Malpractice , Negligence , Negligence per se , Passing off , Product liability , Proximate cause , Remedies , Res ipsa loquitur , Slander andlibel , Trespass

Well-known tort cases: Stella Liebeck v. McDonald's Corporation , Donoghue v. Stevenson , Gutnick v. Dow Jones

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