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Organizational behavior


Organizational behavior is the study of individual and group dynamics in an organization setting. Whenever people work together several factors come into play. Organizationalbehavior attempts to understand and model these factors. Human behavior is usually considered a function of internal orexternal perspective. In the internal perspective human actions have to be understood as a result of an individual'sthoughts, feelings and needs. The individual's actions are explained as a result of the individual'a history. In the externalperspective understands human behavior as a result of an individual's environment. External stimuli are considered the reason forbehavior.

Like all social sciences, organizational behavior seeks to control , predict , and explain . But there is somecontroversy over the ethical ramifications of focusing on controlling worker's behavior. As such, organizational behavior (andits cousin, Industrial psychology ) have at times beenaccused of being the scientific tool of the powerful.

However, in the 1950's & 1960's, the Human Relations movement attempted to bring a humanistic element to the study of organizations, focusing on increasing worker well-being and self-actualization. This has since ceased tobe a focus of organizational behavior, which now focuses more on explaining behavior.

Organization behavior is becoming more important in the global economy as people with diverse backgrounds and cultural valueshave to work together effectively and efficiently.

See also

Frederick Herzberg , Victor Vroom , David McClelland , Organizational commitment , Organizational Development , Persuasion and attitude change , List of human resourcemanagement topics , team , compensation , motivation

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