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Psychoanalysis

(psychoanalysis)






Psychoanalysis is the revelation of unconscious relations,in a systematic way through an associative process. The fundamental subject matter of psychoanalysis is the unconscious patternsof life revealed through the analysand's (the patient's) free associations. The analyst's goal is to help liberate the analysandfrom unexamined or unconscious barriers of transference and resistance, that is, past patterns of relatedness that are no longerserviceable or that inhibit freedom.

Psychoanalysis was first devised in Vienna in the 1890s by Sigmund Freud , a doctor interested in finding an effective treatment for patientswith neurotic or hysterical symptoms . As a result of talking with these patients Freud came to believe that theirproblems stemmed from culturally unacceptable, thus repressed and unconscious desires and fantasies of a sexual and as his theory developed, aggressive nature. SinceFreud's day psychoanalysis has developed in many ways especially as a study of the personal, inter-personal and intra-subjectivesence of self.

The basic method of psychoanalysis is the transference and resistance analysis of free association . The patient, in a relaxed posture, is directed to say whatever comes to mind. Dreams , hopes, wishes, and fantasies are of interest, as are recollections of early family life.Generally the analyst simply listens, making comments only when, in his or her professional judgment , an opportunity for insight on the part of the patient arises. In listening, the analyst attempts to maintain an attitude of empathic neutrality , a nonjudgmental stance designed to create a safe environment. The analyst asks that the analysand speak with utterhonesty about whatever comes to awareness while interpreting the patterns and inhibitions that appear in the patient's speech andother behavior.

Although psychoanalytic techniques have been used in a few cases to successfully treat psychosis (with great effort and major sacrifice on the part of the analyst), psychoanalysis is generally thoughtby analysts to be useful as a method in cases of neurosis and with character or personality problems. Psychoanalysis is most useful in dealing with ingrainedproblems of intimacy and relationship and for those problems in which established patterns of life are problematic. As atherapeutic treatment, psychoanalysis generally takes three to five meetings a week and requires the amount of time for naturalor normal maturational change (three to seven years).


Psychoanalysis is:

Today psychoanalytic ideas are imbedded in the culture, especially in childcare , education , literary criticism , and in psychiatry , particularly medical and non-medical psychotherapy . Though there is a mainstream of evolvedanalytic ideas , there are groups who more specifically follow the precepts of one or more of the later theoreticians.


See also



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This article is completely or partly from Wikipedia - The Free Online Encyclopedia. Original Article. The text on this site is made available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence. We take no responsibility for the content, accuracy and use of this article.

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