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Evolutionary biology

(evolutionarybiology)





Evolutionary biology is a subfield of biology concerned with theorigin and descent of species , as well as their change over time. See: Evolution .

Evolutionary biology is a kind of meta field because it includes scientists from many traditional taxonomically -oriented disciplines. For example, it generally includes scientists who may have a specialisttraining in particular organisms such as mammalogy , ornithology , or herpetology but use those organisms as systems to answer general questions in evolution. It also generallyincludes paleontogists who use fossils to answer questions about the mode and tempo of evolution, as well as theoreticians in areas such as population genetics and evolutionary theory. In the 1990s developmentalbiology made a re-entry into evolutionary biology from its initial exclusion from the modern synthesis through the study of evolutionary developmentalbiology .

Table of contents

History

Evolutionary biology as an academic discipline in its ownright emerged as a result of the modernevolutionary synthesis in the 1930s and 1940s . It was not until the 1970s and 1980s , however, that a significant number of universities had departments that specifically included the termevolutionary biology in their titles. In the United States , as aresult of the rapid growth of molecular and cell biology , many universities have split (or aggregated) their biologydepartments into molecular and cell biology-style departments and ecology and evolutionary biology-styledepartments (which often have subsumed older departments in paleontology , zoology and the like).

Bibliography

Textbooks

  • Douglas J. Futuyma, Evolutionary Biology, Sinauer Associates, 3rd edition ( 1998 ) ISBN 0878931899
  • Mark Ridely, Evolution, Blackwell, 2nd edition

Notable monographs and other works

(only author, date of publication and title listed here, see the article for publication details)


General subfields within biology

Anatomy | Bioinformatics | Botany | Ecology | Evolutionary biology | Genetics | Marine biology | Humanbiology | Cell biology | Microbiology | Molecular biology | Biochemistry | Origin oflife | Paleontology | Physiology | Taxonomy | Xenobiology | Zoology


Basic topics in evolutionary biology
Processes of evolution : macroevolution - microevolution - speciation
Mechanisms: selection - genetic drift - geneflow - mutation
History: Charles Darwin - The Origin ofSpecies - modern evolutionarysynthesis
Subfields: population genetics - ecologicalgenetics - molecular evolution - phylogenetics - systematics - evo-devo
List of evolutionary biology topics | Timeline of evolution

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