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Inorganic chemistry

(inorganicchemistry)





Inorganic chemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned withthe properties and reactions of inorganic compounds. This includes all chemical compounds except the many which are based uponchains or rings of carbon atoms, which are termed organic compounds and are studiedunder the separate heading of organic chemistry . The distinctionbetween the two disciplines is not absolute and there is much overlap, most importantly in the sub-discipline of organometallic chemistry .

Major branches of inorganic chemistry include

Commercially important inorganic substances include silicon chips , transistors , LCD screens, fiber optical cables and a great many catalysts .

Inorganic chemistry is based upon physical chemistry andforms the basis for mineralogy and materials chemistry . Itoften overlaps with geochemistry , analytical chemistry , environmental chemistry and organometallic chemistry .

Organometallic chemistry combines aspects of organic chemistry with those of inorganic chemistry, and isformally defined as the study of compounds containing metal-carbon bonds, although many " organometallic compounds " contain no such bonds. Among the simplest organometallic compoundsare the metal carbonyls, in which carbon monoxide binds to a metalthrough the carbon. Vitamin B12 , whose active site is similar to that of haemoglobin , is a naturally-occurring, metabolically-important organometallic compound containing large organic components( corrin and protein) and a metal, cobalt ,bonded to carbon.

The range of inorganic chemistry includes both molecular compounds, which exist as discrete molecules , and crystals , whose structures are described by infinitelattices of regularly-ordered atoms and which are studied by crystallography and solid-statechemistry .

See also Important publications in inorganic chemistry


Chemistry

Analytical chemistry | Organic chemistry | Inorganic chemistry | Physical chemistry | Polymer chemistry | Biochemistry | Materials science | Environmental chemistry | Pharmacy | Thermochemistry | Electrochemistry | Nuclear chemistry | Computational chemistry
Periodic table | List of compounds

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